Diabetes and physical activity-

What is diabetes?

A metabolic condition in which blood glucose levels are not regulated because of deficient insulin production or inability of the insulin produced to work efficiently, Refers to diabetes.

Types of diabetes-

Type 1 : Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM)- the cells that produce insulin are destroyed thus lifelong treatment with insulin is required. It is auto-immune in nature.

Type 2- Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM- ) when the body either stops producing enough insulin or becomes resistant to the effect of insulin produced. 90% cases re type2.

Exercise and diabetes-

Exercise is essential for blood glucose management and overall health for diabetes management. It is advisable to do 30 to 60 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity along with resistance exercise twice a week.

Benefits of physical activity-

  • reduces cardiovascular risk and mortality
  • assists with weight management
  • improves glycemic control.

Exercise Prescription/Recommendations

  • minimum of 150 min of moderate-intensity or
  • 75 min of vigorous-intensity physical activity per week.
  • for weight loss – 200–300 min per week.
  • aerobic exercise at moderate intensity 3 or more days per week.
  • Perform a combination of aerobic and muscle strengthening training.
  • For sedentary individuals – it is essential to get a clearance from their health care provider prior to beginning an exercise program

Key points to note-

  • if blood glucose is 16.7 mml/L during physical activity, hydration is important. However if constantly elevated, patients should consult with their health care provider.
  • For individuals with peripheral neuropathy, Careful attention to appropriate foot wear and any signs of foot damage is essential.
  • If extreme fatigue occurs, lasting for quite a few minutes, report to your healthcare provider.
  • Autonomic neuropathy increases the risk of silent heart attack and hypotension.
  • Choosing appropriate time of day to exercise to adapt with temperatures.
  • Regular monitoring of blood glucose concentrations.
  • Dangerous to commence exercise when blood glucose.
  • Site of insulin injection – Insulin absorption is increased in exercising muscles, the abdomen is usually the preferred site for insulin injection prior to exercising.

Also read- https://vcurehealthcare.com/kinesio-taping-all-you-need-to-know/

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